Types and signs of self-harm
There are many different ways people can intentionally harm themselves, such as:
cutting or burning their skin
poisoning themselves with tablets
misusing alcohol or drugs
deliberately starving themselves (anorexia nervosa) or binge eating (bulimia nervosa)
People often try to keep self-harm a secret because of shame or fear of discovery. For example, they may cover up their skin and avoid discussing the problem.
Therefore, it is often up to close family and friends to notice when somebody is self-harming, and to approach the subject with care and understanding. The signs may include unexplained injuries and signs of depression or low self-esteem.
Someone who is self-harming can seriously hurt themself, so it is important that they speak to someone about the underlying issue and request treatment or therapy that is likely to help them.
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